CY7210 : Advanced Solid State Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry

Crystal Chemistry:

Introduction, detailed description of structures of complex oxides and related compounds, Phillips ionicity and crystal chemistry; Structural interrelations .


Origin of defects; Types of defects – equilibrium, nonequilibrium, point, line, planar, nonstoichiometry, Wadsley defect; Experimental methods of investigating defects in solids; Dislocations, grain boundaries etc. Defects and physical properties.

Bonding and electron transport:

Atoms to molecules to crystals; Orbitals – bond – bands: Electronic structure of solids, band theory, non metals, metals, metal- nonmetal transitions; Transport properties, techniques, electrical conductivity, thermopower and Hall effect measurements; Chemical approach to bonding in solids; Case studies – Oxides.

Magnetic properties:

Dia, para, ferro, antiferro and ferromagnetism; Magnetism of free electrons; Measurements; Magnetically ordered solids, soft and hard magnetic materials; Case studies – Oxides.

Dielectric and optical properties: Principle and theory;

Standard examples like BaTiO3; Applications.

Phase Transitions:

Classification; Landau’s Theory; Nucleationgrowth, 
Martensitic transformations; Examples; Metal-insulator transitions.

Solid state synthesis:

Conventional and novel methods; Specific examples; 
Rational synthesis of solids.

Characterization by diffraction

Modern developments:

Superconductivity of oxide materials, C60; Intercalation chemistry etc.


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  2. A.R. West, Solid State Chemistry and its applications, John Wiley, New York 1984.
  3. L.V. Azaroff, Introduction to Solids, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 1990.
  4. D.M. Adams, Inorganic Solids, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1974.
  5. N.N. Greenwood, Ionic Crystals, Lattice Defects, nonstoichiometry, Butterworths, London, 1968.
  6. C. Kittel, Introduction to solid state physics, JohnWiley and Sons, New York, d1986.
  7. M. Ali Omar, Elementary solid state physics: Principles and Applications, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, California, 1975.
  8. P.A. Cox, The electronic structure and chemistry of solids, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987.
  9. C.N.R. Rao and K.J. Rao, Phase transitions in solids, McGraw Hill Book Co., New York, 1978.
  10. T.V. Ramakrishna and C.N.R. Rao, Superconductivity today, Wiley- Easter, 1992.
  11. G. Burns, Solid State Physics, Academic Press, New York, 1985.
  12. J.M. Hong and C.N.R. Rao, Preparation and characterization of materials, Academic Press, New York, 1981.