Photoelectric effect: Need for electron spectroscopy, basic principles of electron
spectroscopy, classification of various spectroscopic techniques, history.Photoelectron spectroscopy: Electron energy analysis; photon sources — UV, X-ray, synchrotron; vacuum – angular dependence – cross section and its determination; valence and core photoemission – Koopmans‘ theorem; final state effects; photoelectron diffraction; band structure- holography- circular dichroism – supersonic molecular beam spectroscopy – coincidence studies. Applications of photoelectron spectroscopy – catalysis, surface structure. Size dependence of electronic structureAuger electron spectroscopy: introduction – instrumentation – classification of various transitions – quantification – applications.
Electron energy loss spectroscopy: Franck and Hertz experiment — instrumentation – selection rules-theory – studies on molecules – surface states – high resolution spectroscopy – adsorption and catalysis –applications.
Related techniques: Inverse photoemission – multiphoton ionization – electron momentum spectroscopy – photoionization-photodetachment – zero kinetic energy photoelectron spectroscopy – spin resolved photoemission – recent advances in instrumentation-brighter photon sources. Several of form of infra-red spectroscopy, viz., transmission, diffuse reflectance (DRIFT), reflection-absorption (RAIRS) and multiple internal reflection (MIR).